Who Needs To File Form 2290?

Form 2290 is a tax form used by the IRS to collect the Heavy Vehicle Use Tax (HVUT) from owners and operators of heavy vehicles. This tax funds highway maintenance and construction projects across the United States. Here, we will discuss who is required to file Form 2290 and why it is important to comply with IRS regulations.

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Who Needs To File Form 2290?-Truck2290

Who is Required to File Form 2290?

Anyone who registers a heavy highway vehicle in their name with a taxable gross weight of 55,000 pounds or more is required to submit Form 2290 and pay the applicable tax. This includes individuals, businesses, and organizations that own and operate these vehicles. Taxable gross weight includes the vehicle’s weight and any load customarily carried on the vehicle.

However, not all vehicles are subject to the HVUT. For instance, less than 55,000 pounds, vans, pickup trucks, panel trucks, and comparable vehicles are exempt from filing taxes or paying them. Furthermore, vehicles driven for 5,000 miles or less (7,500 for farm vehicles) during the tax period are required to file a return but are exempt from paying the tax.

Why is Form 2290 Important?

The primary reason for filing Form 2290 is to pay the Heavy Vehicle Use Tax (HVUT). This tax is used to fund the maintenance and construction of public highways. Failure to file Form 2290 or pay the HVUT on time can result in significant penalties and interest charges.

Additionally, filing Form 2290 is required by law, and failure to comply with this requirement can result in legal and financial consequences. For example, the IRS can impose fines, seize property, and take other actions to enforce compliance with tax laws.

How to file Form 2290?

Form 2290 can be submitted on paper or electronically. However, the IRS strongly recommends electronic filing as it is faster and more convenient. E-filing also helps you receive your Schedule 1 Form almost instantly, which is required to register your vehicle with the DMV.

You will require the following details to submit Form 2290:

  • The Employer Identification Number (EIN).
  • The vehicle identification number (VIN).
  • The taxable gross weight of each vehicle.
  • The first month of use of each vehicle.
  • The name, address, and EIN of the person who sold or transferred the vehicle, if applicable.

Once you have this information, you can file Form 2290 electronically through an IRS-approved software provider or by mail.


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